The effects of salt stress (50, 100, and 150 mM NaCl) on the levels of free, bound, and total polyamines were studied in the leaf tissues of salt-tolerant (Coban) and salt-sensitive (Sanbro) cultivars of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) plants grown for 15 or 25 days under salinity. The amounts of free, acid-soluble bound, and total spermine increased in leaf tissues of sunflower plants subjected to salt stress while the levels of other polyamines decreased or no significant changes occurred. The increase in some PA titers suggests their potential role in overcoming the adverse effect of salinity stress. The salt sensitivity of the sunflower plants was associated with the excessive accumulation of total polyamines in the leaf tissues of salt-sensitive cultivar (Sanbro) under saline condition. The content of other compounds such as proline, protein, and ions (Na+, K+, Cl-, K+/Na+) in leaf tissue changed depending on salt concentration and the cultivars used.