A comparison of calisthenic and cycle exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: a randomized controlled trial


DURUTÜRK N., ARIKAN H., Ulubay G., Tekindal M. A.

EXPERT REVIEW OF RESPIRATORY MEDICINE, vol.10, no.1, pp.99-108, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Aim: To compare the effects of calisthenic and cycle exercises with no exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.Method: Forty-seven participants were allocated to either a cycle or calisthenic exercise or control group. Outcome measures, including Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire, pulmonary functions, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, Fitness Testing, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression, Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea, Fatigue Severity, Fatigue Impact Scales, were performed before and after the intervention.Results: The change in VE/VCO2 significantly differed (p=0.01) between two exercise groups. Physical fitness, quality of life, anxiety-depression, dyspnea and fatigue changed significantly in exercise groups, with no between-group differences. There were no significant improvements in control group.Conclusion: Calisthenics are as safe and effective as cycle exercise and could be included in comprehensive treatment programs.