ESR studies of Anatolian gypsum

Ulusoy Ü.

SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART A-MOLECULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY, vol.60, no.6, pp.1359-1365, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.saa.2003.10.034
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1359-1365
  • Keywords: electron spin resonance (ESR), dating, gypsum, annealing, ELECTRON-SPIN-RESONANCE, COSMIC-RAY, LUMINESCENCE, SIGNALS, TL
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Electron spin resonance (ESR) was used to date the formation and most recent recrystallization of three types of gypsum samples (massive, bedded and fracture filling gypsum) from the Sakarya Formation at Eskisehir in the middle of Turkey. The ESR spectra had the signals of Fe3+ and Mn2+ in addition to those of the G1 and G2 sensitive centers (g = 2.002 and 2.008) to artificial gamma-irradiation. ESR intensities of G1 and G2 were enhanced by gamma-ray irradiation to give equivalent doses D-E for each sample. The ESR ages derived from the annual doses of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 contents of the samples determined by thermal neutron activation analysis (TNAA) were between 43 +/- 18 ka (massive gypsum) and 1100 +/- 466 ka (bedded gypsum) as minimal and maximal values. The ages fall into the upper Miocene-Pliocene Epoch of the geological time scale, which agreed with the stratigraphy. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.