Phosphorus-nitrogen compounds. Part VI. Aminolysis of octachlorocyclotetraphosphazatetraene and the crystal structure of 2-trans-6-bis(n-propylamino)-2,4,4,6,8,8-hexakis-tert-butylaminocyclo-2 lambda(5), 4 lambda(5), 6 lambda(5), 8 lambda(5)-tetraphosphazatetraene


JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, vol.660, pp.167-179, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The reactions of 2-trans-6-N4P4(NBPrn)(2)CI6 (2), which was obtained from N4P4Cl8 (1) and n-propylamine, with pyrrolidine and t-butylamine in different solvents have been studied. Compound (2) gave two different products, namely monocyclic (3 and 5) and bicyclic (4 and 6) phosphazenes. Compounds (2-6) have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, H-1-, C-13-, P-31 NMR, HETCOR and MS and the structure of compound (5) has been examined crystallographically. The bicyclic phosphazene (6) is the first exciting example of bicyclic phosphazenes containing chlorine atoms, in the literature. The formation mechanisms of bicyclic phosphazenes are re-considered by taking into account the synthesis of compound (6), which contains three stereogenic phosphorus atoms. Compound (5) crystallizes in the monocyclic space group P2(1) In with a = 13.974(2), b = 17.836(5), and c = 18.683(4) Angstrom, beta = 98.50(1)degrees, V = 4605.4(2) Angstrom(3), Z = 4 and D-x = 1.051 g cm(-3). It consists of a non-centrosymmetric, nonplanar phosphazene ring in a saddle conformation, with two n-propylamino (in 2-trans-6 positions) and six bulky t-butylamino side groups. The bulky substituents are instrumental in determining the molecular geometry. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.