Effect of topical fluorides and citric acid on heat-pressed all-ceramic material

Demirel F., Yuksel G., Muhtarogullari M., Cekic C.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS & RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY, vol.25, no.3, pp.277-281, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The effects of citric acid and acidulated phosphate fluoride on the surface roughness of autoglazed and overglazed all-ceramic IPS Empress materials were analyzed. Atomic force microscopy was used to measure the roughness. Citric acid solution (2.00%) was applied for 8 hours, simulating 2 years of exposure. Acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (1.23%) was applied for 32 minutes, simulating 2 years of fluoride therapy. Acidulated phosphate fluoride caused a significant roughening effect on both autoglazed and overglazed specimens.