Does Wnt/beta-catenin pathway contribute to the stability of DNMT1 expression in urological cancer cell lines?


Varol N., KONAÇ E., Bilen C. Y.

EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.240, no.5, pp.624-630, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 240 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1535370214556951
  • Title of Journal : EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.624-630

Abstract

DNA methylation is considered as one of the most important epigenetic mechanisms and it is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs). DNMT1 abundance has been frequently seen in urogenital system tumors but the reasons for this abundance are not well understood. We aimed to look into the effects of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway on overexpression of DNMT1 and aberrant expression of UHRF1 and HAUSP which are responsible for stability of DNMT1 at transcriptional and protein levels in urogenital cancers. In this context, firstly, Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway was activated by using SB216763 which is a glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) beta inhibitor. Cell proliferation levels in bladder cancer cells, renal cell carcinoma, and prostate cancer cells treated with GSK3 beta inhibitor (SB216763) were detected by WST-1 reagent. WIF-1 gene methylation profile was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP); expression levels of target genes beta-catenin and WIF-1 by real-time PCR; and protein levels of beta-catenin, DNMT1, pGSK3 beta(Ser9), HAUSP, and UHRF1 by Western Blot. Our results indicated that treatment with SB216763 caused an increased cell proliferation at low dose. mRNA levels of beta-catenin increased after treatment with SB216273 and protein levels of pGSK3b(Ser9), beta-catenin, and DNMT1 increased in comparison to control. HAUSP and UHRF1 were either up-regulated or down-regulated at the same doses depending on the type of cancer. Also, we showed that protein levels of DNMT1, beta-catenin, HAUSP, and UHRF1 decreased after re-expression of WIF-1 following treatment with DAC. In Caki-2 cells, beta-catenin pathway might have accounted for the stability of DNMT1 expression, whereas such relation is not valid for T24 and PC3 cells. Our findings may offer a new approach for determination of molecular effects of Wnt/beta-catenin signal pathway on DNMT1. This may allow us to identify new molecular targets for the treatment of urogenital cancers.