Previous records and 1920 newly collected specimens formed the basis of this survey of the Orthoptera of Sanliurfa (Urfa) province in southeastern Turkey. Eighty-six species and subspecies were recorded, both as the result of the field study and use of published data; they belong to seven families and Fifty genera. Eleven genera and thirty-two species were recorded for the first rime from Sanliurfa. Seven species were recorded as new for the southeastern Anatolia. Eleven species with subspecies are endemic to Anatolia. Eremial faunal elements are dominant in the area.