Posterior leukoencephalopathy and nephrotic syndrome: Just a coincidence?


Aksoy D., Arici M., Kiykim A., Durusu M., Sahin G., Baydar D., ...More

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.327, no.3, pp.156-159, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PLES) is an acute neurological disorder. The most plausible hypothesis for the pathophysiology of PLES is the loss of autoregulation and consequent vasogenic edema. PLES is mostly attributed to severe or sudden elevations of arterial blood pressure. A number of reports, however, describe patients with PLES without severe hypertension. This report presents two patients with nephrotic syndrome who developed PLES without customarily severe hypertension. Proteinuria, low levels of serum albumin, or generalized increase in capillary permeability in nephrotic syndrome can initiate PLES with moderately high arterial blood pressure levels. PLES is increasingly recognized by neurologists, but it should also be remembered by internists when confronted with patients with nephrotic syndrome who present with neurological symptoms, whether or not they have severe hypertension.