Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a large group of disorders with an increased susceptibility to infections. Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the most severe form of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) with marked T-cell lymphopenia. Investigation of the genetic aetiology using classical Sanger sequencing is associated with considerable diagnostic delay. We here established a custom-designed, next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based panel to efficiently identify disease-causing genetic defects in PID patients and applied this method in SCID patients of Turkish origin with previously undefined genetic aetiology. We used HaloPlex enrichment technology, a targeted, NGS-based method which was designed to diagnose patients with SCID and other PIDs. Our HaloPlex panel included a total of 356 PID-related genes, and we searched disease-causing mutations in 19 Turkish SCID patients without a genetic diagnosis. The coverage of targeted regions ranged from 97.47% to 99.62% with an average of 98.31% for all patients. All known SCID genes were covered with a percentage of at least 97.3%. We made a genetic diagnosis in six of 19 (33%) patients, including four novel disease-causing mutations identified in RAG1, JAK3 and IL2RG, respectively. We showed that this NGS-based method can provide rapid genetic diagnosis for patients suffering from SCID, potentially facilitating clinical treatment decisions.