Evaluation of a 3D Printed Female Anatomical Model for the Hands on Training of Trans-Obturator Tape (TOT) and Tension Free Vaginal Tape (TVT) Sling Procedures

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TATAR İ., Selcuk I., Huri E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY, vol.38, no.2, pp.292-298, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4067/s0717-95022020000200292
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier
  • Page Numbers: pp.292-298
  • Keywords: 3D printed, Female anatomical model, Trans-obturator tape, Tension free vaginal tape, Stress urinary incontinence, URINARY-INCONTINENCE, KNOWLEDGE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Trans-obturator tape (TOT) and tension free vaginal tape (TVT) procedures are efficient treatment options, which reduce the surgical complications and provide adequate support to urethra in case of increased abdominal pressure to prevent stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect and efficacy of 3D printed female anatomical model on the training of TOT and TVT procedures. A 3D printed female anatomical model was produced for MedTRain3DModSim, Erasmus+ European Union project led by Turkey with the participation of Greece, Italy, Czech Republic and South Korea. Face and content validities of the model evaluated by the participants and the experts respectively. During two learning & teaching & training activities and a multiplier event of the project between 2016 and 2018; 41 medical students, 30 residents and 19 specialists of urology and gynecology were educated and performed TOT and TVT procedures with this model under the mentorship of 3 experts. All participants were assessed and scored for their achievement on both procedures with model according to 7 parameters by the experts. There was no statistical difference between the students and residents for each parameter. All the parameters of the students and specialists were statistically different. 3D anatomical models produced from real data and mimicking different types of tissues are suitable for basic anatomy education of students and residents, hands on training for junior surgeons before cadaveric courses in hybrid education system, surgical planning of the surgeons and informing the patients before the operation.