How Much Overlap Between Traditional and Cyberbullying in Turkish Adolescents?

Burnukara P., UÇANOK Z.

TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, vol.27, no.69, pp.81-100, 2012 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 69
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-100
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the relation between involvement in traditional and cyberbullying and the potential overlap in traditional and cyberbullying among early and middle adolescents were examined. A total of 868 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 completed a self-report questionnaire designed to assess; adolescents' usage pattern of information and communication technologies, their experiences for being a bully and a victim both in school and cyber environments on a 4-point Liken type scale (Traditional and Cyberbullying Inventory). Results show that 31.9 % of the adolescents have involved in traditional bullying and 21.7 % of them have involved in cyberbullying. While males are more likely to be cyberbullies than females, gender is not significant for being cyberbullied. Secondary school adolescents are more likely to report being cyberbullied in general. Adolescents' roles in traditional bullying predicted the same role in cyberbullying. It is found that 63 % overlap between bullying in school grounds and cyber environments. There is a significant relationship between the behavior damaging social relations in school grounds and being involved in cyberbullying.