Validity and Reliability of the Work-Family Balance Scale among Turkish Academicians

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Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.10, no.1, pp.60-69, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Aim: The aim of this study is to adapt the Work-Family Balance Scale to Turkish and test its validity and reliability. Material and Methods: This methodological study was conducted with 134 academicians. The data were collected through an online survey using the Academician Information Form and the Work-Family Balance Scale. The scale was finalized and back-translated following expert opinions. Confirmatory factor analysis was carried out for the construct validity, and content validity was performed. Test-retest and Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient was used for the reliability. Results: The Cronbach's α coefficient of the scale was found as 0.89. The test-retest analysis of the study was conducted with 42 participants, and no significant difference was found between the test-retest reliability (t= 1.126, p=0.197). Pearson's correlation coefficient was also found (r=0.83, p<0.001). The content validity index was 0.94. According to factor analysis, the factor loads ranged from 0.64 to 0.87. The explained variance was found to be 68.70%, and the structure of the scale was one-dimensional and consistent with the original version. The model’s comparative fit indexes, χ2/SD (2.29) (<2), and GFI (0.95) (>0.90) were found between acceptable. Conclusion: The scale was valid and reliable for Turkish academicians, and the results should be confirmed in different employee groups.