Origin of the binaural interaction component in wave P4 of the short-latency auditory evoked potentials in the cat: evaluation of serial depth recordings from the brainstem

Ungan P., Yagcioglu S.

HEARING RESEARCH, vol.167, pp.81-101, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 167
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0378-5955(02)00351-9
  • Journal Name: HEARING RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-101
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


There is no general agreement on the origin of the binaural interaction (BI) component in auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). To study this issue the ABRs to monaural and binaural clicks with various interaural time differences (ITDs) were simultaneously recorded from the vertex and from a recording electrode aiming at the superior olive (SO) in cats. Electrode path was along the fibers of the lateral lemniscus (LL). Binaural difference potentials (BDPs), which were computed by subtracting the sum of the two monaural responses from the binaural response, were obtained at systematic depths and across a range of ITD values. It was observed that only a specific BDP deflection recorded at the level at which lemniscal fibers terminate in the nuclei of LL coincided in time with the most prominent BDP in the cat's vertex-recorded ABRs, the BDP in their wave P4. As ITD was increased, the latency shifts and amplitude decrements of the scalp-recorded far-field BDP wave exactly followed those recorded at this lemniscal near-field BDP locus. The data support our hypothesis that the BI component in wave P4 results from a binaural reduction in dischargings of axons ascending in the LL, with this reduction due to contralateral inhibition of the discharge activity of the inhibitory-excitatory units in the lateral nucleus of the SO. Furthermore, at the level of the SO, the BDP in the responses to contra-leading binaural clicks always had larger magnitudes than those evoked by ipsi-leading ones. This bilateral asymmetry is consistent with the view that the BDP in scalp-recorded ABRs is related to the function of sound lateralization. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.