While the incidence of endometriosis is up to 40-60% in women with severe dysmenorrhea/chronic pelvic pain, patients with subfertility carries a risk up to 20-30%. In symptomatic patients, although medical therapy is preferred in women with endometriosis, surgery might be needed in nonresponders or patients with an endometrioma. Following the surgery, recurrence of the disease and/or symptoms might be still noticed which will progressively increase as times goes by. Nevertheless, some risk factors have been identified for the risk of recurrence that decreases the success of the procedure. Those risk factors might be classified as patient-disease related and surgery-associated variables. Herein, we will address about the management of endometriosis regarding the risk factors for relapse, mechanisms of recurrence and potential biomarkers to predict the event.