The Giftedness Profile Analysis Based on WISC-R in Ankara City Sample


Tasdemir O. M. , ERGÜL C.

ANKARA UNIVERSITESI EGITIM BILIMLERI FAKULTESI OZEL EGITIM DERGISI-ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION, vol.16, no.3, pp.271-292, 2015 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1501/ozlegt_0000000232
  • Title of Journal : ANKARA UNIVERSITESI EGITIM BILIMLERI FAKULTESI OZEL EGITIM DERGISI-ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-292

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the giftedness profile in Ankara city sample based on the Wechsler Individual Intelligence Test Revised Form (WISC-R). The study group consisted of 503 students who attented the Science and Arts Centers in Ankara by meeting the giftedness criteria between 2010 and 2012 academic years. Participants' demographic information and WISC-R scores were obtained from their files. Their WISC-R scores were analyzed descriptively and giftedness profile in Ankara was identified using Single Sample Profile Analysis. The subtests in which students demonstrated high and low performance were also examined. Results showed that students' verbal scale scores were significantly higher than their performance scale scores. Students received highest scores in the Similarities subtest measuring logical thinking and verbal abstract reasoning skills and in the Block Design subtest measuring visual-spatial reasoning skills while they received the lowest scores in the Coding subtest measuring associative nonverbal learning and attention skills and in the Arithmetic subtest measuring numerical reasoning, problem solving, and attention skills. Results also showed that students demonstrated "strength" in the Block Design and Similarities subtestsand demonstrated "weakness" in the Coding subtest. Results and implications for practice are discussed in the light of previous research findings.