Pathologic Technology Use (PTU) has emerged as a prominent public health and educational concern due to the rapid global advancements in technology. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has been extensively studied as a primary approach to mitigate PTU. The objective of this study was to draw a comprehensive conclusion by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies that utilized CBT for PTU, including conditions such as Internet addiction, internet use disorder, and game addiction. Through a literature search, we identified 15 relevant studies for inclusion in our meta-analysis, conducted using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA). A moderator analysis was performed to compare the impact of CBT on different types of PTU and to assess its effectiveness across various age groups. Our analysis revealed the presence of publication bias in the included studies, and we discussed potential reasons for this bias based on existing literature.