Detection of progression level of peri-implantitis may help in the prevention of oral implant failure. C-telopeptide pyridinoline crosslinks of Type I collagen (ICTP) and osteocalcin (OC) are specific markers of bone turnover and bone degradation. Determination of the ICTP and OC levels in the peri-implant sulcus fluid (PISF) may predict the metabolic and/or inflammatory changes in the peri-implant bone. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate ICTP and OC levels in the PISF for oral implants with and without peri-implant bone destruction and correlate these levels with the traditional clinical peri-implant parameters (probing depth, plaque index, gingival index and gingival bleeding time index) and radiographic bone level measurements. Fifteen patients with 30 peri-implant sites with bone destruction (radiographic bone loss) and health were included. Clinical parameters were measured and PISF was collected from the sites. Peri-implant sulcus fluid ICTP and OC levels were detected by radioimmunoassay technique from PISF samples. All clinical parameters demonstrated a significant increase in peri-implantitis sites compared with healthy sites. The PISF volume of the peri-implantitis sites was also significantly higher than of the healthy peri-implant sites. Although not statistically significant, a trend of increase was demonstrated in ICTP PISF samples sampled from peri-implantitis sites compared with healthy sites. A significant increase was noticed for OC PISF level in peri-implantitis sites compared with healthy ones. As well as peri-implant clinical measurements, volumetric changes at PISF may be counted as an important clinical parameter to distinguish the bone destruction sites from healthy sites around oral implants.