Prevention of DMBA-induced mammary gland tumors in mice by a dual-function inhibitor of JAK3 and EGF receptor tyrosine kinases


ŞAHİN K., YABAŞ M., ORHAN C., TUZCU M., ŞAHİN T. K. , ÖZERCAN İ. H. , ...More

EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS, vol.24, no.4, pp.379-387, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14728222.2020.1737014
  • Title of Journal : EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-387

Abstract

Objectives: We tested the chemopreventive effect of WHI-P131 in side by side evaluation with the standard anti-breast cancer drug paclitaxel in the well-established 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced breast cancer model. Methods: One hundred BALB/cmice were divided into five groups. (i) Control (ii) DMBA (iii) DMBA+ Paclitaxel (10 mg/kg) (iv) DMBA+WHI-P131 (Janex1, 50 mg/kg of BW, i.p, three times per week) ("J") (v) DMBA+P+J. The duration of study was 25 weeks. Results: Our findings demonstrate that WHI-P131 impedes DMBA-induced carcinogenesis, reduces size, weight, and load of tumors (P < 0.001) in DMBA-challenged mice and improves their survival outcome (P < 0.01). The tumors developing despite WHI-P131 chemoprevention displayedattenuated levels of JAK3, STAT3, and NF-kappa B as well as increased I-kappa B expression (P < 0.001). Notably, these tumors exhibited significantly decreased levels of phosphorylated AKT-PI3-Kinase pathway signaling proteins p-mTOR, p-p70S6K1, and p-4E-BP1 (P < 0.001). Our findings are consistent with a model in which DMBA-induced malignant clones with low-level expression of the six signature proteins JAK3/STAT3/NF-kappa B/p-mTOR, p-p70S6K1/p-4E-BP1, albeit not as aggressive as their JAK3/STAT3/NF-kappa B overexpressing counterparts are capable of escaping chemo-preventive effects of WHI-P131. Conclusion: These insights may provide the foundation for new chemo-preventive strategies in which WHI-P131 is applied to prevent the development of aggressive forms of breast cancer.