Traumatic occipital condyle fractures

Cirak B., Akpinar G., Palaoglu S.

NEUROSURGICAL REVIEW, vol.23, no.3, pp.161-164, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/pl00011949
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.161-164
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


Trauma to the brain or calvaria may cause some cranial nerve damage. This may be transitory or permanent. Occipital condyle fracture (OCF) is a rarely encountered pathology not easily diagnosed by routine clinical and radiological evaluation and one of the causes of lower cranial nerve disability. Frequently, the hypoglossal nerve is involved. Here we present two cases of OCF caused by motor vehicle accidents. Both of the patients complained of dysphagia and voice disturbance. After detailed neurologic and radiologic evaluation, they were diagnosed with OCF They were both treated conservatively. OCF as a cause of lower cranial nerve damage is rarely reported. Since it is hard to diagnose OCF by routine cranial and cervical evaluation, detailed radiological study in suspected cases is a must. Since one of our patients was admitted 6 years after the trauma, this article is also noteworthy as a report on radiological changes of the OCF.