This study compares record keeping processes in a Turkish university with those of two Canadian universities. The study aims to clarify the condition of the record systems of two countries, lay out the profiles of professional education of the staff; illustrate the methods of creation, access, retrieval, retention, and disposition of the records, and evaluate administrative conditions and the problems of the record systems. Records management practices in the Turkish universities is evaluated in the example of Hacettepe University. For the Canadian counterpart, the University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University have been selected and the data gathered from these two universities have been merged. The results of the study shed light on the importance of international comparative studies for evaluating the condition of records systems.