JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, vol.49, no.11, pp.986-996, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)
Crosslinked N,N'-Diethylaminoethyl (DEAE) groups containing dextran microbeads have been used in human serum albumin (HSA) adsorption-desorption studies. For the HSA adsorption onto positively charged hydrophilic DEAE dextran microbeads, the adsorption kinetic was slightly decreased by the changing concentration of the protein solution. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium isotherms for the adsorption of HSA on crosslinked DEAE dextran have been determined experimentally. Modeling of the adsorption processes on DEAE dextran microbeads were realized by applying different adsorption isotherms. Among the several isotherm equations, Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms were investigated depending on the two temperatures. These were only slightly dependent on the initial concentration of HSA but were considerably affected by the pH of the medium. The HSA adsorption capacity factor and the adsorption equilibrium constant were obtained and mathematical modeling of adsorption, adsorption rate constants and maximum adsorption were determined. Besides the adsorption mechanism, optimum ionic strength and optimum pH also were investigated. Desorption studies and desorption ratio of the system were determined for optimum medium conditions. It was been proved both experimentally and theoretically that human HSA is adsorbed by electrostatic attraction, ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction and/or hydrogen bonding.