Vinyl ester-based monoliths are proposed as a new group of stationary phase for CEC. The capillary monolithic columns were prepared by using two vinyl ester monomers, vinyl pivalate (VPV), and vinyl decanoate (VDC) by using ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA) as the cross-linking agent, and 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid as the charge-bearing monomer. The monoliths with different pore structures and permeabilities were obtained by varying the type and composition of the porogen mixture containing isoamyl alcohol and 1,4-butanediol. The electrochromatographic separation of alkylbenzenes was successfully performed by using an acetonitrile/aqueous buffer system as the mobile phase in a CEC system. Vinyl ester monoliths with short alkyl chain length (i.e. poly(VPV-co-EDMA) exhibited better separation performance compared with the monolith with long alkyl chain length (i.e. poly(VDC-co-EDMA). In the case of VPV-based monoliths, the theoretical plate numbers higher than 250 000 plates/m were achieved by using a porogen mixture containing 33% v/v of isoamyl alcohol. For both VDC and VPV-based monoliths, the column efficiency was almost independent of the superficial velocity in the range of 2-12 cm/min.