CFD simulation of the gas-solid flow in the riser of a circulating fluidized bed with secondary air injection


Koksal M. , HAMDULLAHPUR F.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS, cilt.192, ss.1151-1179, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 192 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/009864490522713
  • Dergi Adı: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1151-1179

Özet

A comprehensive investigation was carried out to study hydrodynamics aspects of secondary air injection in circulating fluidized beds. This article presents modeling and results of computational fluid dynamics simulations of gas-solid flow in the riser section of a laboratory-scale ( ID = 0.23 m, height = 7.6 m) circulating fluidized bed with a radial secondary air injector. The gas-solid flow model is based on the two-fluid ( Eulerian-Eulerian) approach, where both gas and solids phases are treated as interpenetrating continua. A granular kinetic theory model is used to describe the solids phase stresses. The simulation results are compared with measured pressure drop and axial particle velocity profiles; reasonable agreement is obtained. Qualitatively, excellent agreement is obtained in predicting the increase in solids volume fraction below secondary air ports, the accumulation of solids around the center of the riser due to momentum of secondary air jets, and the absence of the solids down-flow near the wall above the secondary air injection ports, which are the prominent features of secondary air injection observed in the experiments.