Effects of important factors on surface settlement prediction for metro tunnel excavated by EPB


TUNNELLING AND UNDERGROUND SPACE TECHNOLOGY, vol.36, pp.14-23, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Due to population growth, people demand more and more transportation services, there can be no doubt that the requirement for tunnels will also grow. Mechanized excavations using EPB have been successfully applied, especially in urban environments where there is less surface space available, over the past twenty years. Because of excavation speed and less hazardous working environments, use of the Earth Pressure Balance Machine (EPB) is a more popular method in metro, railway and road tunnels in urban areas. Control of surface settlement is very important when tunnels are excavated in urban areas or beneath important structures. This research mainly discusses effects of important properties like tunnel depth, overburden pressure, tunnel dimension and face pressure using empirical, theoretical and numerical methods used to control surface settlement. Results of these methods are compared with observation data. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.