The predictability of factor V Leiden (FV : Q(506)) gene mutation via clotting-based diagnosis of activated protein C resistance

Sayinalp N., Haznedaroglu I., Aksu S., Buyukasik Y., Goker H., Parlak H., ...More

CLINICAL AND APPLIED THROMBOSIS-HEMOSTASIS, vol.10, no.3, pp.265-270, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


After the discovery of activated protein C resistance (APCR) due to factor V Leiden mutation and the causal relationship of the phenomenon with clinical thromboembolism, a wide variety of functional clotting-based assays were developed for testing of APCR in relation to the specific DNA-based analysis of FV:Q(506) Leiden. The aim of this study is to assess a clotting-based APCR assay using procoagulant crotalidae snake venom with respect to the sensitivity, specificity, and predictability for the presence of the factor V Leiden mutation. APCR testing and factor V DNA analyses have been performed concurrently on 319 patient specimens. APCR values of the patients with homozygous factor V Leiden mutation (70.4+/-13.5 s) were significantly lower (p<0.001) in comparison to the subjects with the heterozygous mutation (87.6+/-13.4 s). The assay is highly sensitive (98.7%) and specific (91.9%) for the screening of factor V Leiden mutation. The sensitivity and specificity of the APCR testing reached to 100% below the cut-off value of 120 s among the patients with homozygous factor V Leiden mutation. Therefore, this method could help the desired effective optimal screening strategy for the laboratory search of hereditary thrombophilia focusing on the diagnosis of APCR due to FV:Q(506).