The Influence of Clay Reinforcement on the Properties of Recycled Polymer Foams


Oide M. Y. T. , Satana J., Wellen R., Valenzuela-Diaz F., Guven O., Moura E.

Symposium on Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials held during the Annual Meeting of the Minerals-Metals-and-Materials-Society (TMS, Arizona, United States Of America, 01 January 2018, pp.703-712 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-72484-3_75
  • City: Arizona
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.703-712

Abstract

Poly [(ethylene)-co-(vinyl acetate)] (EVA) is a thermoplastic copolymer composed of randomly distributed polyethylene and polyvinyl acetate sequences within the molecular chain. EVA combines toughness with excellent flexibility, impact and puncture resistance. Because of these properties, this material is largely used for foam production as padding in equipment for various sports and as a shock absorber in sport's shoes. This work aims to study the influence of clay reinforcement on the performance of recycled polymer foams. The blend containing recycled HDPE (high density polyethylene) and recycled EVA (70/30 wt%, respectively) reinforced with 2 wt% of clays were prepared by melt extrusion, using a twin-screw extruder to obtain the composites. The composites and foaming agent were fed into a special single screw extruder for foaming. The samples of HDPE/EVA/Clay foams were characterized by tensile test, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TG), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), density measurement and the correlation between the results was evaluated.