Becoming an Army on Operations: Bundeswehr and the German Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Period

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Can H., Önsoy M.

Uluslararası Kriz ve Siyaset Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.7, no.1, pp.106-139, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


This study analyses the increasing involvement of the Bundeswehr in international civilian and military operations since the re-unification of the two German states. The main aim of the article is to show the gradual abandonment of the culture of military restraint and the parallel loosening of the restrictions on the use of force in German foreign policy since 1990. In this regard, the first step was the Bundeswehr’s involvement in multilateral, peace-keeping and peace-making operations under the auspices of the NATO and the UN throughout the 1990’s. The second step came with the Bundeswehr’s involvement in the Kosovo War, increasing Germany’s role in international politics. This article finally asserts that the Russian invasion of Ukraine in early 2022 has opened a new era in German foreign and security policy, in which the Bundeswehr is likely to play a greater role.