Effect of different dispersing agents on the characteristics of Eudragit microspheres prepared by a solvent evaporation method

Horoz B., Kilicarslan M., Yuksel N., Baykara T.

JOURNAL OF MICROENCAPSULATION, cilt.21, ss.191-202, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/02652040310001637893
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.191-202


Eudragit RS microspheres containing verapamil HCl for oral use were prepared using three different dispersing agents: aluminium tristearate, magnesium stearate and sucrose stearate, by a solvent evaporation method. The effects of the type and concentration of the dispersing agents and the inner phase polymer concentration on the size and T-63.2% (the time at which 63.2% of the drug is released) of microspheres were determined by multiple linear regression analysis. The morphology of microspheres was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The surface of microspheres prepared with sucrose stearate was smoother and non-porous and the drug release from these microspheres was the fastest. When aluminium tristearate or magnesium stearate were used as dispersing agents, the particle size of microspheres became smaller. Increasing amounts of these two dispersing agents led to the accumulation of their free particles onto the surfaces of the microspheres. The drug release from the microspheres was slower than that of the microspheres from sucrose stearate depending on their hydrophobic structures. According to the results of the multiple linear regression analysis among the dispersing agents used, aluminium tristearate showed the best correlation between the examined input (dispersing agent and polymer concentrations) and output (T-63.2% and particle size) variables.