Oxidative stress status of Turkish welders

Tokac D., ANLAR H. G., Bacanli M., AYDIN DİLSİZ S., Iritas S., Basaran N.

TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, vol.36, no.4, pp.263-271, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0748233720922722
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.263-271
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Welding, a fabrication process that joins metals or thermoplastics by causing coalescence, is indispensable in modern society and ubiquitous in industry. Welding generates fumes that contain several metals and gases that comprise fine and ultrafine particles with the potential for adverse effects. Although health risks of welders have been evaluated in different populations, occupational exposure to welding fumes is still considered to be an important health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of welding fume exposure on important oxidative stress parameters such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), total glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA), and 8-hydroxy-2 '-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in Turkish welders (n = 48). The influence of confounding factors such as age, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, and duration of exposure on the studied parameters was also analyzed. In our study, significant decreases in the levels of GSH and activities of CAT, SOD, and GPx and significant increases of MDA, 8-OHdG levels and GR activity were found in the workers compared to the controls. There was a negative correlation between GSH levels and alcohol usage. Also, older workers (>= 35 years) had significantly higher GR levels than younger workers. But smoking and alcohol usage, duration of exposure, and utilization of protective measures had no significant effect on the studied parameters in the workers. These results indicate that occupational exposure to welding fumes appears to induce oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage.