From physical to ultrasound examination in lymphedema: a novel dynamic approach

Ricci V., Ricci C., Gervasoni F., Giulio C., Fari G., Andreoli A., ...More

JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND, vol.25, no.3, pp.757-763, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40477-021-00633-4
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.757-763
  • Keywords: Lymphatic, Edema, Palpation, Pitting, Sonography, ULTRASONOGRAPHY
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In daily practice, medical history and physical examination are commonly coupled with anthropometric measurements for the diagnosis and management of patients with lymphatic diseases. Herein, considering the current progress of ultrasound imaging in accurately assessing the superficial soft tissues of the human body; it is noteworthy that ultrasound examination has the potential to augment the diagnostic process. In this sense/report, briefly revisiting the most common clinical maneuvers described in the pertinent literature, the authors try to match them with possible (static and dynamic) sonographic assessment techniques to exemplify/propose an 'ultrasound-guided' physical examination for different tissues in the evaluation of lymphedema.