Automated Cell Viability Analysis in Tissue Scaffolds

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Uyar T., Erdamar A., Gümüşderelioğlu M., Aksahin M., Family Name Deactivated G. N. D., EROGUL O.

Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, vol.51, no.1, pp.37-50, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Image analysis of cell biology and tissue engineering is time-consuming and requires personal expertise. However, evalu - ation of the results may be subjective. Therefore, computer-based learning and detection applications have been rapidly developed in recent years. In this study, Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM) images of the viable pre-osteoblastic mouse MC3T3-E1 cells in 3D bioprinted tissue scaffolds, captured from a bone tissue regeneration study, were analyzed by using image processing techniques. The aim of this study is to develop a reliable and fast algorithm for the automated analysis of live/dead assay CLSM images. Percentages of live and dead cell areas in the scaffolds were determined, and then, total cell viabilities were calculated. Furthermore, manual measurements of four different analysts were obtained to evaluate subjectivity in the analysis. The measurement variations of analysts, also known as the coefficient of variation, were determined from 13.18% to 98.34% for live cell images and from 9.75% to 126.02% for dead cell images. Therefore, an automated algorithm was developed to overcome this subjectivity. The other aim of this study is to determine the depth profile of viable cells in 3D tissue scaffolds. Consequently, cross-sectional image sets of three different types of tissue scaf - folds were analyzed.