Advanced Ankle and Foot Sonoanatomy: Imaging Beyond the Basics

Hung C., Chang K., Mezian K., Nanka O., Wu W., Hsu P., ...Daha Fazla

DIAGNOSTICS, cilt.10, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


Ankle/foot pain is a common complaint encountered in clinical practice. Currently, due to the complex anatomy, the diagnosis and management of the underlying musculoskeletal disorders are extremely challenging. Nowadays, high-resolution ultrasound has emerged as the first-line tool to evaluate musculoskeletal disorders. There have been several existing protocols describing the fundamental sonoanatomy of ankle/foot joints. However, there are certain anatomic structures (e.g., Lisfranc ligament complex or Baxter nerve) which are also clinically important. As they are rarely elaborated in the available literature, a comprehensive review is necessary. In this regard, the present article aims to brief the regional anatomy, illustrate the scanning techniques, and emphasize the clinical relevance of the ankle/foot region.