Asparagine synthetase deficiency (ASNSD, OMIM #615574) is a rare autosomal recessive neurometabolic inborn error that leads to severe cognitive impairment. It manifests with microcephaly, intractable seizures, and progressive cerebral atrophy. Currently, there is no established treatment for this condition. In our pediatric cohort, we discovered, by whole-exome sequencing in two siblings from Turkey, a novel homozygous missense mutation in asparagine synthetase at NM_133436.3 (ASNS_v001): c.1108C>T that results in an amino acid exchange p.(Leu370Phe), in the C-terminal domain. After identification of the metabolic defect, treatment with oral asparagine supplementation was attempted in both patients for 24 months. Asparagine supplementation was well tolerated, and no further disease progression was observed during treatment. One of our patients showed mild developmental progress with increased levels of attention and improved nonverbal communication. These results support our hypothesis that asparagine supplementation should be further investigated as a treatment option for ASNSD. We further reviewed all previously reported ASNSD cases with regard for their clinical phenotypes and brain imaging findings to provide an essential knowledge base for rapid diagnosis and future clinical studies.