Adsorption of uranyl ions into poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogels prepared by gamma irradiation

Solpan D., Guven O.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, no.4, pp.485-494, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Acrylamide (AAm)/Acrylic Acid (AAc) copolymers hare been prepared by gamma irradiation of binary mixtures at three different compositions where the acrylamide/acrylic acid mole ratios varied around 15, 20, and 30%. Threshold dose for 100% conversion of monomers into hydrogels was found to be 8.0 kGy. Poly(Acrylamide-co-Acrylic Acid) (poly(AAm-co-AAc)) hydrogels have been considered for the removal of uranyl ions from aqueous solutions. Swelling behavior of these hydrogels was determined in distilled water at different pH values and in aqueous solutions of uranyl ions. The results of swelling tests tit pH 8.0 indicated that poly(AAm-co-AAc) hydrogel, containing 15% acrylamide showed maximum % swelling. Diffusion of water and aqueous solutions of uranyl ion into hydrogels was found to be non-Fickian in character and their diffusion coefficients were calculated. The effect of pH, composition of hydrogel, and concentration of uranyl ions on the adsorption process were studied tit room temperature. It was found that one gram of dry poly(AAm-co-AAc) hydrogel adsorbed 70-320 mg and 70-400 mg uranyl ions from aqueous solutions of uranyl nitrate and uranyl acetate in the initial concentration range of 50-1500 mg UO22+L-, depending on the amount of AAc in the hydrogels, respectively. Adsorption isotherms were constructed for poly(AAm-co-AAc) uranyl ion system indicating an S type of adsorption in the Giles classification system. It is concluded that crosslinked poly(AAm-co-AAc) hydrogels can be successfully used for the removal of uranyl ions from their aqueous solutions.