Medical Science Monitor, vol.7, no.2, pp.233-237, 2001 (SCI-Expanded)
Background: Optimal peak bone mass is closely related to sufficient and appropriately timed androgen release. However, attainment of peak bone mass in men, as in women, is under genetic control, as well as being subject to hormonal and mutational effects. With increasing recognition of osteoporosis and related fractures in men, it is of interest to consider whether there is relationship between bone density and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms, as described in women. Material and methods: To assess the influence of allelic variation in the VDR gene on vertebral bone density in men with idiopathic hypogonadrotrophic hypogonadism (IHH), 27 patients (mean age 21.4±0.4 yrs) and 25 age-and-BMI matched healthy males (mean age 21.2±0.3) were genotyped using three restriction enzymes (Apa I, Bsm I, and Taq I). Vertebral bone mineral density was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (D EXA). Results: As expected, vertebral bone density was reduced significantly in patients with IHH (p<0.001). Despite weak evidence for an association between Apa I polymorphism and vertebral bone density in the IHH group (r=0.454, p=0.017 and r2=0.20), VDR genotype was not associated with vertebral bone density in either group. When analyzing homozygous haplotypes, the probability of carrying the favorable BAt haplotype was greater in the control group (OR=2.000 vs. 0.500). Conclusion: We conclude that VDR genotype has no influence on vertebral bone density in men with IHH. Thus, allelic variation in the VDR cannot help define those at increased risk for osteoporosis and related fractures among such patients.