Probiotic use in the prophylaxis of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome: a retrospective cohort study


BATU AKAL E. D. , KAYA AKCA Ü., BAŞARAN H. Ö. , BİLGİNER Y., ÖZEN S.

RHEUMATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00296-021-05084-y
  • Journal Name: RHEUMATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: PFAPA syndrome, Probiotic, Prophylaxis, Treatment, CHILDREN
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is an autoinflammatory recurrent fever syndrome that mainly affects children. Probiotics are currently used to prevent upper respiratory tract infections and flares of diseases associated with immune dysregulation. We aimed to evaluate the response to probiotic treatment in PFAPA patients. Patients with PFAPA syndrome who received probiotics and were followed between July 2019 and July 2021 were included in this retrospective study. Demographic and clinical features and response to probiotics were assessed. Twenty out of 111 children with PFAPA syndrome (F/M:1) were included. The median (min-max) ages at symptoms onset and diagnosis were 24 (3-72) and 51.5 (11-120) months, respectively. All 20 patients received probiotics during the disease course. The probiotic preparation they received included a combination of two lactobacilli as Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL9 (Lp HEAL9) and Lactobacillus paracasei 8700:2 (Lpa 8700:2). The median age at probiotic onset was 60 (33-192) months, while the duration of probiotic use was 4.5 (3-19) months. All patients except one experienced a decrease in attack frequency with probiotic use. After probiotic treatment, the median number of episodes during 3 months decreased from 3 to 1 (p < 0.001). Eight (40%) patients had no attacks during the 3 months after probiotic initiation. And, 5 (45%) of 11 patients who had >= 1 attacks on probiotics mentioned that the attack severity decreased significantly after probiotic initiation. Our results suggest that probiotic strains Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL9 and Lactobacillus paracasei 8700:2 could be beneficial in PFAPA patients by decreasing the attack frequency.