Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol.45, no.3, pp.188-195, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between joint position sense and static and dynamic balance in female patients with chronic neck pain compared with healthy controls. Methods: The study sample comprised 25 female patients with chronic neck pain and 25 healthy (asymptomatic) female controls. Pain severity with the visual analog scale, joint position sense with the laser pointer method, static balance with the Single-Leg Balance Test, and dynamic balance with the Y Balance Test were assessed. Results: The deviation in cervical joint position sense was greater in extension (P < .001), right rotation (P < .001), and left lateral rotation (P < .05) in the patients with chronic neck pain compared with the healthy controls. The results of the patients with chronic neck pain were worse than the healthy controls in the Single-Leg Balance Test with both eyes open (P < .05) and eyes closed (P < .05). The patients with chronic neck pain had worse dynamic balance only in the anterior direction reach of the left leg (P < .05). Conclusion: Cervical joint position sense and static balance were worse in female patients with chronic idiopathic neck pain when compared with asymptomatic controls. Dynamic balance in all other directions except for the anterior direction was not negatively affected in individuals with chronic idiopathic neck pain.