Analysis of interaction between tunnels in soft ground by 3D numerical modeling


Chakeri H., Hasanpour R., HİNDİSTAN M. A. , ÜNVER B.

BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, cilt.70, ss.439-448, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 70 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10064-010-0333-8
  • Dergi Adı: BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.439-448

Özet

Tunnels are increasingly being excavated in soft ground conditions when services are required in urban environments, and it is now common to have tunnels crossing at various elevations. As the tunnel excavations are undertaken at different levels, there will be an interaction which can have a significant influence on stress distributions and consequently deformations within the tunnels and surface settlement. As multi-layer tunnelling is a three dimensional phenomenon in nature, 3D numerical solutions must be utilized for perpendicularly crossing tunnels at various levels. This paper reports the investigations into the changes in stress distribution, deformations and surface settlements which may be expected when the twin Tohid Tunnels pass beneath the Line 4 metro tunnel in Tehran.

Tunnels are increasingly being excavated in soft ground conditions when services are required in urban environments, and it is now common to have tunnels crossing at various elevations. As the tunnel excavations are undertaken at different levels, there will be an interaction which can have a significant influence on stress distributions and consequently deformations within the tunnels and surface settlement. As multi-layer tunnelling is a three dimensional phenomenon in nature, 3D numerical solutions must be utilized for perpendicularly crossing tunnels at various levels. This paper reports the investigations into the changes in stress distribution, deformations and surface settlements which may be expected when the twin Tohid Tunnels pass beneath the Line 4 metro tunnel in Tehran.