Cholesterol removal via cyclodextrin-decoration on cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)-grafted poly(HEMA-GMA) nanocomposite adsorbent


KÖSE K., Mavlan M., UZUN L. , Youngblood J. P.

CELLULOSE, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10570-020-03534-7
  • Title of Journal : CELLULOSE

Abstract

Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was grafted to cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) using hydroquinone resulting in a crosslinkable nanoparticle. 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) was used to polymerize this nanoparticle to obtain a polymeric structure with a bridging CNC structure to which cyclodextrin (CD) was attached in order to better capture hydrophobic biomolecules. X-Ray Microscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance methods provided the main characterization data proving the successful modification process. This CD-modified nanocomposite adsorbent was used for the removal of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein for the first time. Adsorption performance in a continuous system was similar to 99% for both cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein with agreement between experimental data and mathematical models performed. Overall, results indicate that cyclodextrin modified poly(HEMA-GMA-g-CNC) is a promising material for use as an adsorbent for biological and biomedical applications.