Prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in patients with recurrent tonsillitis and elevated anti-streptolysin O titers

Sahin M. S., Yalcin M. U., Kocyigit D.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, vol.89, pp.133-135, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Introduction: Patients with elevated anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titers (ASOT) and recurrent tonsillitis episodes are known to be at higher risk for rheumatic heart disease (RHD). However, there is no data regarding prevalence of RHD in this high risk population. In this study, we aimed to screen ambulatory patients with elevated ASOT and recurrent tonsillitis episodes using echocardiography for identification of RHD. We hypothesized that prevalence of RHD is higher in this patient group compared to general population.