Comparison of the Efficacy of Single or Double Intravesical Epirubicin Instillation in the Early Postoperative Period to Prevent Recurrences in Non-Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder: Prospective, Randomized Multicenter Study

Turkeri L., TANIDIR Y., Cal C., Ozen H., ŞAHİN H.

UROLOGIA INTERNATIONALIS, vol.85, no.3, pp.261-265, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000300571
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.261-265
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: To investigate the efficacy of single or double epirubicin instillation during the early postoperative period (EPP) in intermediate-risk non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer. Methods: Patients with primary and solitary or multiple (3 or less) Ta (grade 2-3) or T1 (grade 1-2) tumors were enrolled. Patients were randomized to receive either a single dose of 100 mg epirubicin instillation within 6 h or a second 100 mg epirubicin instillation during the 12th-18th hours after a complete TUR-BT. At the end of the 60-month follow-up period, the available data were statistically analyzed. The end-points of the study were determined as disease-free survival, progression and recurrence rates, time to recurrence, and time to progression. Results: A total of 299 patients from 24 institutions were randomized between January 2002 and June 2004. There were 143 patients from 18 institutions who met the eligibility criteria. The follow-up and disease-free survival periods were 16.9 months and 16 months, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the demographic properties and the end-points between the groups. Conclusions: A single dose of intravesical 100 mg epirubicin chemotherapy during the early postoperative period for primary intermediate-risk non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer achieved 16 months of mean disease-free survival. A second intravesical epirubicin instillation did not provide any significant benefit. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel