Large-volume and swift magmatic response to Late Cenozoic segmentation of the subducted Neotethyan oceanic slab: evidence from the Galatian Volcanic Province, northwestern Turkey

KARAOĞLU Ö., VAROL MURATÇAY E., Lustrino M., Chiaradia M., TOYGAR SAĞIN Ö., Hemming S. R., ...More

International Geology Review, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00206814.2024.2333003
  • Journal Name: International Geology Review
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts
  • Keywords: asthenopsheric upwelling, Cenozoic volcanism, galatean, mantle, segmentation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The Miocene Galatian Volcanic Province (GVP) is one of the largest volcanic provinces in central-western Anatolia, with an extent of ~ 8,900 km2. The volcanic activity is extended from 22.5 to 7.5 Ma. The volcanic compositions straddle the alkaline-subalkaline fields, from basic to acid compositions and mostly transitional to sodic affinity. Major oxides show good correlation with SiO2 indicating prolonged effects of fractional crystallization. Primitive mantle-normalized multi-element patterns indicate overall similarities among the different samples of the three geographic sectors, sharing strong negative anomalies in Nb–Ta–Ti, strong positive peaks at Cs and K, coupled with a common, albeit not always present, positive anomaly at Pb. Mineral-melt geothermobarometric estimates indicates ~1070–1235°C and ~7–19 kbar for melting conditions of basaltic compositions and ~1000–1150°C and ~3–12 kbar for andesitic-dacitic rocks. The absence of correlation between radiogenic isotopes and SiO2 and MgO is here interpreted as consequence of assimilation-fractional-crystalizationprocesses involving lower continental crust as contaminant. The GVP parental magmas are generated from ~2% to 10% partial melting of a lherzolitic mantle with high spinel/garnet ratio based on intra-REE fractionation constraints. The subduction-related metasomatism inferred for the GVP mantle sources based on their chemistry is interpreted to be linked to the northward subduction of the northern branch of the Neo-Tethys slab. Successive slab retreat resulted in extension for the critical stress distribution through the Cyprus slab, favouring magma propagation for the GVP volcanic region. The eventual break-off of the slab after the continent-continent collision of Arabian with Eurasian could have caused a toroidal mantle flow, favouring the widely distributed 15–16 Ma alkaline magmatism in the eastern GVP, associated with passive hot asthenospheric upwelling imaged by teleseismic P-wave tomography.