Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate quality of life (QOL) and attitudes toward aging in older adults in a province in Turkey. Methods: This is a quantitative and descriptive study of QOL and the attitudes toward aging in older adults. Instruments: The data measurement instruments used in this study are the World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHOQOL-OLD) and the WHO-Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ). Participants: The Turkish versions of the WHOQOL-OLD and AAQ were administered to 550 older adults living in anlurfa Province, Turkey. Results: The results indicated a significant relationship between QOL and attitudes toward aging in older adults. Two dimensions of attitudes toward aging (physical change and psychological growth) were significant predictors of QOL in older adults. It was found that gender, literacy, social security, age, and marital status affect some dimensions of QOL and some subscales of attitudes toward aging.