Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron Immobilized on Functionalized Nonwoven Cotton Fabric for As(V) Adsorption


WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, vol.232, no.4, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 232 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11270-021-05078-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


A functionalized nonwoven cotton fabric-Fe(0) (denoted as FNCF-ZVI) as a novel adsorbent material was synthesized in two main steps for water treatment of arsenate ions. Firstly, the Fe(III)-immobilized chelating fabric with iminodiacetic acid (IDA) functional groups was synthesized through an epoxy group-containing glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) grafted to the nonwoven cotton fabric (NCF) via plasma-initiated emulsion graft polymerization. Subsequently, the obtained Fe(III)-immobilized FCNF was followed by a reduction of Fe(III) into Fe(0) to obtain stabilized nanoscale zerovalent iron (ZVI) on the surface of FNCF. FNCF-ZVI was applied for arsenic(V) removal in batch experiments at different pH values (2.00-9.00) and concentrations ranging between 1 and 500 mg/L As(V). The FNCF-ZVI had a positive impact on the absorption of As(V) species under acidic conditions, and the highest adsorption was seen at a pH value of 3.00. The adsorption equilibrium of adsorbent was reached in 420 min with initial solution concentrations at 1 mg/L, 10 mg/L, and 50 mg/L, and the process better fitted to the nonlinear pseudo-second-order model than to the nonlinear pseudo-first-order model. The resulting FNCF-ZVI showed a high maximum adsorption capacity of 158.73 mg/g at 35 degrees C for As(V) adsorption, and the adsorption data fitted the Freundlich isotherm model. Regeneration studies displayed that after 3 times usage, the adsorption capacity can remain up to 86%. It has been observed that ZVI nanoparticles have superior adsorption capacity compared to Fe(III) under their optimum conditions.