AN ASSESSMENT OF EU'S AND TURKEY'S WESTERN BALKAN POLICIES: A CRITIQUE AND PROSPECTS FOR FUTURE COOPERATION


ÖNSOY M. , Koc Z. E.

BALKAN ARASTIRMA ENSTITUSU DERGISI-JOURNAL OF BALKAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE-JBRI, cilt.8, ss.333-365, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.30903/balkan.657753
  • Dergi Adı: BALKAN ARASTIRMA ENSTITUSU DERGISI-JOURNAL OF BALKAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE-JBRI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.333-365

Özet

The EU, which is commonly referred as a soft power, is facing various challenges that limit its effectiveness in the international scene, most importantly in the Western Balkans. The transformative capacity of its soft power is not properly utilized in this region. This article explores the challenges to the EU's soft power and evaluates possible ways for the Union to maintain its effectiveness adding new dimensions to its foreign policy in the area-specifically in the Western Balkans region. The primary issue addressed by this article deals with the immediate changes facing the EU as a soft power today. Given the fact that political mechanisms that EU utilized have proved to be ineffective in promoting stability, democracy peace in its area, alternatives should be considered. Meanwhile, a decade ago Turkey has proven its capacity to influence Western Balkan countries by creating and consolidating its soft power through various ways. However under the most present circumstances an economically weak Turkey is nothing but an actor which attempts to strengthen its relationship with Western Balkans countries