(Sodium alginate/acrylamide) semi-interpenetrating polymer networks and their usability on removal of lead, cadmium, nickel ions

Solpan D., Torun M.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, no.10, pp.1435-1449, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10601320500207554
  • Page Numbers: pp.1435-1449


In this study, (sodium alginate (NaAlg)/acrylamide (AAm)) interpenetrating polymer networks (IPN) have been prepared at three different compositions, where the sodium alginate composition varies 1, 2, and 3% (w/v) in 50% (w/v) acrylamide solutions. These solutions have been irradiated with a 60 Co-gamma source at different doses. The percent conversion was determined gravimetrically and 100% gelation was achieved at the 10.0 kGy dose. The swelling results at pH 7.0 and 9.0 indicated that (NaAlg/AAm)3IPN hydrogel, containing 3% NaAlg showed maximum % swelling in water, with swelling increasing in the order of Ni2+ > Cd2+ > Pb2+ . Diffusion in aqueous solutions of metal ions within (NaAlg/AAm)IPN hydrogels was found to be Fickian character. Diffusion coefficients of (NaAlg/AAm)IPN hydrogels in water and aqueous solutions of metal ions were calculated. The maximum weight loss temperature and half life temperature for NaAlg, PAAm, (NaAlg/AAm)IPN and (NaAlg/AAm)IPN-metal ion systems were found from thermal analysis studies. In the adsorption experiments, the efficiency of (NaAlg/AAm)IPN hydrogels to adsorb nickel, cadmium and lead ions from water was studied. (NaAlg/AAm)IPN hydrogels showed different adsorption for different aqueous solution of metal ion at pH 7.0. Adsorption isotherms were constructed for the (NaAlg/AAm)IPN-metal ion systems. S type adsorption in the Giles classification system was found.