Several transition metal oxides, such as iron (III), nickel (II) and zirconium (IV) oxides, were examined in detail for the specific enrichment and the purification of phosphopeptides from a digested peptide mixture solution. Phosphopeptide enrichment was performed on the metal oxide particles using a peptide mixture obtained by tryptic digestion of beta-casein. The mixture of protein digests containing bovine serum albumin (BSA): beta-casein digests (100 :1 mole ratio) was also used for the phosphopeptide enrichment. Furthermore, non-fat milk digest was examined as a complex biological sample. In each phosphopeptide enrichment process, phosphopeptides were specifically enriched and separated from the non-phosphopeptides. The phosphopeptides were adsorbed onto the metal oxide surface at acidic pH values between 1.0 and 2.0 and, for desorption of phosphopeptides from metal oxide particles, pH values were examined and optimized in the enrichment studies. The analysis of phosphopeptides were carried out by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) using 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid matrix containing 1.0% phosphoric acid to obtain intense protonated signals and to overcome degradation of the phosphopeptides by phosphate group loss in mass spectrometric conditions. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the direct detection of phosphopeptides from the surface of the metal oxide particles was possible using MALDI-MS by mixing the phosphopeptide-adsorbed metal oxide particles with MALDI matrix solution in slurry form before the analysis. Thus, the effects of interferences arising from chemical species used in the desorption process was successfully eliminated for the fast and sensitive detection of phosphopeptides in MALDI-MS applications.