Frequency and Types of Complications Encountered in Patients With Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus in the Neurological ICU: Impact on Outcome.

Dericioglu N., Ayvacioglu Cagan C., Sokmen O., Arsava E. M., Topcuoglu M. A.

Clinical EEG and neuroscience, vol.54, no.3, pp.265-272, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/15500594211046722
  • Journal Name: Clinical EEG and neuroscience
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.265-272
  • Keywords: neurological intensive care unit, nonconvulsive status epilepticus, video-EEG monitoring, complication, outcome, REFRACTORY STATUS EPILEPTICUS, SYSTEMIC COMPLICATIONS, ANESTHETIC DRUGS, MORTALITY, MORBIDITY, RISK
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives. The frequency and types of complications in patients with nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) who are followed up in the intensive care unit (ICU), and the impact of these complications on outcome are not well-known. We investigated the complications and their effects on prognosis in NCSE patients. Methods. After reviewing the video-EEG monitoring (VEEGM) reports of all the consecutive patients who were followed up in our ICU between 2009 and 2019, we identified two groups of patients: 1-patients with NCSE (study group) and 2-patients who underwent VEEGM for possible NCSE but did not have ictal recordings (no-NCSE group). Electronic health records were reviewed to identify demographic and clinical data, duration of ICU care, medical and surgical complications, pharmacologic treatment, and outcome. These parameters were compared statistically between the groups. We also investigated the parameters affecting prognosis at discharge. Results. Thirty-two patients with NCSE comprised the study group. Infection developed in 84%. More than half were intubated, had tracheostomy or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy application. Refractory NCSE was associated with significantly more frequent complications and worse outcome. There was a higher tendency of infections in the study group (P = .059). Higher organ failure scores and prolonged stay in ICU predicted worse outcome (P < .05). Conclusion. The frequency of complications in patients with NCSE who are cared for in the ICU is considerable. Most of the complications are similar to the other patients in ICU, except for the higher frequency of infections. Increased physician awareness about modifiable parameters and timely interventions might help improve prognosis.