Research on STEM Education Studies in Turkey: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis Study


Yildirim H., GELMEZ BURAKGAZİ S.

PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITESI EGITIM FAKULTESI DERGISI-PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, no.50, pp.291-314, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 50
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.9779/pauefd.590319
  • Journal Name: PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITESI EGITIM FAKULTESI DERGISI-PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF EDUCATION
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.291-314

Abstract

In recent years an increase in the number of researches for STEM education in Turkey is observed. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study on the accumulation and synthesis of the insights emerging in qualitative research. The present study, using the meta-synthesis method, the studies related to STEM education in Turkey based on the qualitative findings to provide a comprehensive perspective and narrative aspect is important. Research findings -by revealing the current situation in Turkey- are expected to show the future direction of the work to be carried out for STEM education. For this purpose, a total of 12 studies were examined. Three dimensions appeared in consequence of these analyses. These dimensions are determined to focus on: Firstly, the results of STEM practices in or out of school; Secondly, current situation at the cognitive level for STEM education, and thirdly; pre-service teachers' ability of interdisciplinary relationships of STEM. In line with these dimensions, the qualitative findings of the studies reviewed were synthesized under three common themes: 21st Century Skills and the STEM Interest, Perception and Opinions Towards STEM Fields, and the Relations between STEM Fields. As a result of the research, suggestions were given to teachers, teacher candidates and the researchers.