Striated abrasions from a knife with non-serrated blade-identification of the instrument of crime on the basis of an experiment with material evidence

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE, vol.125, no.5, pp.745-748, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This paper presents an experiment with a knife seized as material evidence in a homicide case. The reason for the experiment was the necessity to determine whether the injuries of the deceased could have been inflicted with this instrument since in the course of the investigation doubt arose as to the origin of linear, parallel scratches around one of the wounds and on the abdominal integuments suggesting a serrated blade. The knife found near the crime scene had a smooth blade and small serrations only on the borderline between its blade and hilt. However, the performed experiment showed that if the knife is directed towards the integuments of the body in a special way, its serrations, even though not located on the blade itself, may leave such striated marks on the body, as those found during the autopsy, suggesting their origin from a serrated blade.